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Meet the researcher: Dr Hayley Passmore

Dr Hayley Passmore, Reframe Training lead and facilitator:

Our Telethon Kids research in the youth detention centre here in WA found that 9 in 10 young people have at least one severe neurodevelopmental impairment. 36%, over one-third, were diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder - so really we're talking about populations of young people with brains that aren't typically developed but they're engaging with systems that expect them to act in a way as if they were. And often the frontline staff haven't received any training or awareness or skills to work appropriately with these young people that have complex needs, and we know that frontline staff want this information, so we developed Reframe Training.

Text displayed on the screen: What does Reframe Training cover?

Dr Hayley Passmore:

Reframe is an evidence-based approach to educating frontline staff across a range of sectors in how to recognise young people with neuro-disability, reframe their behaviours, and then respond appropriately. Reframe covers a range of different areas of neurodevelopment and what it really gives staff is an understanding of what the common behaviours of young people who might have a neuro-disability might be, in these areas of function, and then strategies to really assist and adapt their practices when working with young people who might have these needs.

Text displayed on the screen: Who is Reframe Training for?

Dr Hayley Passmore:

We're now working with frontline staff in education, child protection, police, justice, and a whole range of other community services to upskill them and make them aware of how they can adapt their practices appropriately.

Text displayed on the screen: How can I get my organisation involved?

Dr Hayley Passmore:

We're currently delivering Reframe to a number of different agencies and organisations across Australia, so if this is something that you think might be useful for your workforce, you can find out more information at